About therapy

Perspectives

In therapy, the following psycological perspectives are used as a meta-framework. 

sevenperspectives

 

 

 breineInterventions

The following types of therapy are used, depending on the best intervention for a specific patient(s).

lplaytherapy
Play therapy:
is a form of counseling or psychotherapy that uses play to communicate with and help people, especially children, to prevent or resolve psychosocial challenges.
lcognitive Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviours.
ldialectic

Dialectic behavioural therapy (DBT): is a therapy designed to help people change patterns of behavior that are not helpful, such as self-harm, suicidal thinking, and substance abuse.

lnarrative

Narrative therapy: is a form of psychotherapy that seeks to help people identify their values and the skills and knowledge they have to live these values, so they can effectively confront whatever problems they face.

lrelational

Rational emotive therapy: focuses on uncovering irrational beliefs which may lead to unhealthy negative emotions and replacing them with more productive rational alternatives.

lgestalt

Gestalt therapy: is a humanistic therapy technique that focuses on gaining an awareness of emotions and behaviors in the present rather than in the past.

lattachment

Attachment therapy: is a growing, underground movement for the “treatment” of children who pose disciplinary problems to their parents or caregivers.

lreality

Reality therapy: The core idea of reality therapy is that people are in control of their own actions.

limpact

Impact therapy: This multisensory approach to counselling is a form of brief therapy that emphasizes making counselling sessions clear, concrete and thought provoking.

lmindfulness

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT): is a type of psychotherapy which involves a combination of cognitive therapy, meditation and the cultivation of a present-oriented, non-judgmental attitude called "mindfulness”.

lart

Art therapy: is a form of expressive therapy that uses the creative process of making art to improve a person’s physical, mental, and emotional well-being. The creative process involved in expressing one’s self artistically can help people to resolve issues as well as develop and manage their behaviors and feelings, reduce stress, and improve self-esteem and awareness. 

lsystemic

Systemic Family Therapy: is a tradition of Family Therapy that treats the systemic context rather than the isolated behaviour and/or individual that is regarded as problematic. The systemic context of experience is seen as embedded in multiple layers of organization that primarily include: (1) the circular interaction of problems and their attempted solutions and (2) the social choreography of coalitions that involve the participation of at least three people.

Types of interventions:

The following psycho-therapeutic-interventions are used in practice.

ltherapeutic Therapeutic intervention with individuals (children, adolescents and adults):  Therapeutic is an adjective that means tending to cure or restore to health.  Psychological perspectives and therapy is used.
lcouples Therapeutic work with couples: Relationship counseling is the process of counseling the parties of a human relationship in an effort to recognize, and to better manage or reconcile, troublesome differences and repeating patterns of stress upon the relationship
lfamily Family therapy: Interventions for family therapy could be considered for certain family circumstances. Interventions may be defined as: the acts of intervening (as to mediate disputes). Family therapy can be the treatment of more than one member of a family in the same session; family relationships and processes are explored in searching the causes of family problems.
lprogrammes Programmes in life skills: Life skills are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable us to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life, in other words psychosocial competency. They are a set of human skills acquired via teaching or direct experience that are used to handle problems and questions commonly encountered in daily human life.
lcareer Career guidance testing: Career guidance consists of the services that help people successfully manage their career development. Although this aspect of human development occurs on its own as we mature, everyone can benefit from assistance navigating through this process.
llearning Psychometric testing for learning problems: While individuals experiencing learning problems can be identified by observing their behaviour and achievement, actual diagnosis of a specific learning disability requires formal assessment conducted by a psychologist using standardised psychological tests. These tests compare the person's level of ability to that which is considered normal development for someone of that age and intelligence.
lpsycometricsubj Psychometric testing for subject choice: Grade 9s need to make a well-informed choice when it comes to selecting subjects for the Grade 10 to 12 phases.
lpsychometricjob Psychometric testing for job selection: organisations are using psychometric tests to aid the employee selection process, to help them get the ‘right’ person. The use of psychometric testing gives large and small organisations a competitive edge.
lpsychometrictesting Psychometric testing for evaluation of Psychological functioning of children and adults: Assessments to evaluate a parent’s ability to care for his or her child are often crucial to the outcomes of custody proceedings in child welfare and family court. These assessments are generally sought or court-ordered; they are conducted by mental health professionals, primarily psychologists, who then frequently function as expert witnesses in court.
lmarriage Marriage counselling: Marriage counseling, also called couples therapy, is a type of psychotherapy. Marriage counseling helps couples of all types recognize and resolve conflicts and improve their relationships. Through marriage counseling, you can make thoughtful decisions about rebuilding your relationship or going your separate ways.
ldivorce Divorce counselling: Divorce or separation counselling offers a chance to examine the relationship with less pressure to ‘fix’ it. This more distant perspective can offer insight into the feelings of despair and unhappiness. At this stage one or both partners might hope for reconciliation. It might also offer a chance to uncover some of the underlying causes.
ltrauma Trauma counselling: Trauma counselling is a short-term intervention, which is appropriate when a person has suffered a traumatic incident. Trauma comes in all shapes and sizes; events such as divorce, job loss, death, mugging, armed robbery, rape, car accident, illness, failing an exam, losing your car or house – in fact any event that you regard as negative and that changes your view of yourself and your world.
lparental Parental guidance: A child within a complex situation, having difficulties, cannot always be addressed by individual therapy work with the child. Sometimes parents need help in their task of parenting. Parental guidance and support is offered to help parents manage specific behaviour problems, or can focus on general parent-child interactions. The goal of these interventions is for parents to become effective in the management of the problem behaviours, and to avoid ineffective parenting responses.
lstudymethods Study methods: Study skills or study strategies are approaches applied to learning. They are generally critical to success in school, considered essential for acquiring good grades, and useful for learning throughout one's life.